B. Adler, History of Leptospirosis and Leptospira, Leptospira and Leptospirosis, pp.1-9, 2015.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-662-45059-8_1

N. Charon and S. Goldstein, Genetics of Motility and Chemotaxis of a Fascinating Group of Bacteria: The Spirochetes, Annual Review of Genetics, vol.36, issue.1, pp.47-73, 2002.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.genet.36.041602.134359

A. Mcbride, D. Athanazio, M. Reis, A. Ko, and . Leptospirosis, Leptospirosis, Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, vol.18, issue.5, pp.376-86, 2005.
DOI : 10.1097/01.qco.0000178824.05715.2c

G. Murray, The Molecular Basis of Leptospiral Pathogenesis, Curr Top Microbiol Immunol, vol.387, pp.139-85, 2015.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-662-45059-8_7

C. Li, A. Motaleb, M. Sal, S. Goldstein, and N. Charon, Spirochete periplasmic flagella and motility, J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol, vol.2, issue.4, pp.345-54, 2000.

H. Berg, The Rotary Motor of Bacterial Flagella, Annual Review of Biochemistry, vol.72, issue.1, pp.19-54, 2003.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.biochem.72.121801.161737

R. Macnab, How Bacteria Assemble Flagella, Annual Review of Microbiology, vol.57, issue.1, pp.77-100, 2003.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.micro.57.030502.090832

H. Terashima, S. Kojima, and M. Homma, Chapter 2 Flagellar Motility in Bacteria, Int Rev Cell Mol Biol, vol.270, pp.39-85, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/S1937-6448(08)01402-0

S. Kojima and D. Blair, The Bacterial Flagellar Motor: Structure and Function of a Complex Molecular Machine, Int Rev Cytol, vol.233, pp.93-134, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0074-7696(04)33003-2

Y. Sowa and R. Berry, Bacterial flagellar motor, Q Rev Biophys, vol.41, issue.2, pp.103-135, 2008.

M. Pallen, C. Penn, and R. Chaudhuri, Bacterial flagellar diversity in the post-genomic era, Trends in Microbiology, vol.13, issue.4, pp.143-152, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tim.2005.02.008

L. Slamti, M. De-pedro, E. Guichet, and M. Picardeau, Deciphering Morphological Determinants of the Helix-Shaped Leptospira, Journal of Bacteriology, vol.193, issue.22, pp.6266-75, 2011.
DOI : 10.1128/JB.05695-11

M. Picardeau and A. Brenot, First evidence for gene replacement in Leptospira spp. Inactivation of L. biflexa flaB results in non-motile mutants deficient in endoflagella, Molecular Microbiology, vol.172, issue.1, pp.189-99, 2001.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2958.2001.02374.x

A. Lambert, M. Picardeau, D. Haake, R. Sermswan, A. Srikram et al., FlaA Proteins in Leptospira interrogans Are Essential for Motility and Virulence but Are Not Required for Formation of the Flagellum Sheath, Infection and Immunity, vol.80, issue.6, pp.2019-2044, 2012.
DOI : 10.1128/IAI.00131-12

S. Liao, A. Sun, D. Ojcius, S. Wu, J. Zhao et al., Inactivation of the fliY gene encoding a flagellar motor switch protein attenuates mobility and virulence of Leptospira interrogans strain Lai, BMC Microbiology, vol.9, issue.1, p.253, 2009.
DOI : 10.1186/1471-2180-9-253

G. Demarre, A. Guérout, C. Matsumoto-mashimo, D. Rowe-magnus, P. Marlière et al., A new family of mobilizable suicide plasmids based on broad host range R388 plasmid (IncW) and RP4 plasmid (IncP??) conjugative machineries and their cognate Escherichia coli host strains, Research in Microbiology, vol.156, issue.2, pp.245-55, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.resmic.2004.09.007

C. Pappas, N. Benaroudj, and M. Picardeau, A Replicative Plasmid Vector Allows Efficient Complementation of Pathogenic Leptospira Strains, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol.81, issue.9, 2015.
DOI : 10.1128/AEM.00173-15

M. Pinne and D. Haake, Immuno-fluorescence Assay of Leptospiral Surface-exposed Proteins, Journal of Visualized Experiments, issue.53, 2011.
DOI : 10.3791/2805

S. Asuthkar, S. Velineni, J. Stadlmann, F. Altmann, and M. Sritharan, Expression and Characterization of an Iron-Regulated Hemin-Binding Protein, HbpA, from Leptospira interrogans Serovar Lai, Infection and Immunity, vol.75, issue.9, pp.4582-91, 2007.
DOI : 10.1128/IAI.00324-07

P. Cullen, Global Analysis of Outer Membrane Proteins from Leptospira interrogans Serovar Lai, Infection and Immunity, vol.70, issue.5, pp.2311-2319, 2002.
DOI : 10.1128/IAI.70.5.2311-2318.2002

J. Nally, J. Timoney, and B. Stevenson, Temperature-Regulated Protein Synthesis by Leptospira interrogans, Infection and Immunity, vol.69, issue.1, pp.400-404, 2001.
DOI : 10.1128/IAI.69.1.400-404.2001

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC97896

Y. Zhong, X. Chang, X. Cao, Y. Zhang, H. Zheng et al., Comparative proteogenomic analysis of the Leptospira interrogans virulence-attenuated strain IPAV against the pathogenic strain 56601, Cell Research, vol.10, issue.7, pp.1210-1239, 2011.
DOI : 10.1038/nbt1270

M. Lo, S. Cordwell, D. Bulach, and B. Adler, Comparative Transcriptional and Translational Analysis of Leptospiral Outer Membrane Protein Expression in Response to Temperature, PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol.60, issue.12, 2009.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000560.s001

M. Caimano, S. Sivasankaran, A. Allard, D. Hurley, K. Hokamp et al., A Model System for Studying the Transcriptomic and Physiological Changes Associated with Mammalian Host-Adaptation by Leptospira interrogans Serovar Copenhageni, PLoS Pathogens, vol.132, issue.3, p.24626166, 2014.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004004.s009

E. Martínez-garcía, P. Nikel, M. Chavarría, and V. De-lorenzo, ???KT2440, Environmental Microbiology, vol.97, issue.1, pp.291-303, 2014.
DOI : 10.1111/1462-2920.12309

D. Bromley and N. Charon, Axial filament involvement in the motility of Leptospira interrogans, J Bacteriol, vol.137, issue.3, pp.1406-1418, 1979.

C. Simpson and F. White, Ultrastructural Variations between Hooked and Nonhooked Leptospires, Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.114, issue.1, pp.69-74, 1964.
DOI : 10.1093/infdis/114.1.69

URL : http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/short/114/1/69

S. Faine and J. Hoeden, Virulence-linked colonial and morphological variation in Leptospira, J Bacteriol, vol.88, issue.5, pp.1493-1499, 1964.

T. Lin, L. Gao, X. Zhao, J. Liu, and S. Norris, Mutations in the Borrelia burgdorferi Flagellar Type III Secretion System Genes fliH and fliI Profoundly Affect Spirochete Flagellar Assembly, Morphology, Motility, Structure, and Cell Division. mBio, pp.579-594, 2015.

M. Motaleb, L. Corum, J. Bono, A. Elias, P. Rosa et al., Borrelia burgdorferi periplasmic flagella have both skeletal and motility functions, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.97, issue.20, pp.10899-904, 2000.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.200221797

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC27121

C. Li, H. Xu, K. Zhang, and F. Liang, from swimming in highly viscous media and blocks its infectivity, Molecular Microbiology, vol.290, issue.6, pp.1563-76, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07078.x

D. Ahn, H. Song, J. Kim, S. Lee, and S. Park, The crystal structure of an activated Thermotoga maritima CheY with N-terminal region of FliM, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol.54, pp.76-83
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2012.12.003

Y. Morimoto and T. Minamino, Structure and Function of the Bi-Directional Bacterial Flagellar Motor. Biomolecules, Feb, vol.18, issue.41, pp.217-251, 2014.

X. Zhao, S. Norris, and J. Liu, Molecular Architecture of the Bacterial Flagellar Motor in Cells, Biochemistry, vol.53, issue.27, pp.4323-4356, 2014.
DOI : 10.1021/bi500059y

A. Lowenthal, M. Hill, L. Sycuro, K. Mehmood, N. Salama et al., Functional Analysis of the Helicobacter pylori Flagellar Switch Proteins, Journal of Bacteriology, vol.191, issue.23, pp.7147-56, 2009.
DOI : 10.1128/JB.00749-09

C. Guyard, S. Raffel, M. Schrumpf, E. Dahlstrom, D. Sturdevant et al., Periplasmic Flagellar Export Apparatus Protein, FliH, Is Involved in Post-Transcriptional Regulation of FlaB, Motility and Virulence of the Relapsing Fever Spirochete Borrelia hermsii, PLoS ONE, vol.180, issue.8, 2013.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0072550.s002

S. Makishima, K. Komoriya, S. Yamaguchi, and S. Aizawa, Length of the Flagellar Hook and the Capacity of the Type III Export Apparatus, Science, vol.291, issue.5512, pp.2411-2414, 2001.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1058366

A. Toker, M. Kihara, and R. Macnab, Deletion analysis of the FliM flagellar switch protein of Salmonella typhimurium., Journal of Bacteriology, vol.178, issue.24, pp.7069-79, 1996.
DOI : 10.1128/jb.178.24.7069-7079.1996

J. Malmström, M. Beck, A. Schmidt, V. Lange, E. Deutsch et al., Proteome-wide cellular protein concentrations of the human pathogen Leptospira interrogans, Nature, vol.149, issue.7256, pp.762-767, 2009.
DOI : 10.1038/nature08184

S. Park, B. Lowder, A. Bilwes, D. Blair, and B. Crane, Structure of FliM provides insight into assembly of the switch complex in the bacterial flagella motor, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.103, issue.32, pp.11886-91, 2006.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0602811103

M. Sal, C. Li, M. Motalab, S. Shibata, S. Aizawa et al., Borrelia burgdorferi Uniquely Regulates Its Motility Genes and Has an Intricate Flagellar Hook-Basal Body Structure, Journal of Bacteriology, vol.190, issue.6, pp.1912-1933, 2008.
DOI : 10.1128/JB.01421-07

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2258876