Antibodies attenuate the capacity of dendritic cells to stimulate HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Control of HIV is suggested to depend on potent effector functions of the virus-specific CD8(+) T-cell response. Antigen opsonization can modulate the capture of antigen, its presentation, and the priming of specific CD8(+) T-cell responses. OBJECTIVE: We have previously shown that opsonization of retroviruses acts as an endogenous adjuvant for dendritic cell (DC)-mediated induction of specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). However, in some HIV-positive subjects, high levels of antibodies and low levels of complement fragments coat the HIV surface. METHODS: Therefore we analyzed the effect of IgG opsonization on the antigen-presenting capacity of DCs by using CD8(+) T-cell proliferation assays after repeated prime boosting, by measuring the antiviral activity against HIV-infected autologous CD4(+) T cells, and by determining IFN-γ secretion from HIV-specific CTL clones. RESULTS: We find that DCs exposed to IgG-opsonized HIV significantly decreased the HIV-specific CD8(+) T-cell response compared with the earlier described efficient CD8(+) T-cell activation induced by DCs loaded with complement-opsonized HIV. DCs exposed to HIV bearing high surface IgG levels after incubation in plasma from HIV-infected subjects acted as weak stimulators for HIV-specific CTL clones. In contrast, HIV opsonized with plasma from patients exhibiting high complement and low IgG deposition on the viral surface favored significantly higher activation of HIV-specific CD8(+) T-cell clones. CONCLUSION: Our ex vivo and in vitro observations provide the first evidence that IgG opsonization of HIV is associated with a decreased CTL-stimulatory capacity of DCs.
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Wilfried Posch, Sylvain Cardinaud, Chiraz Hamimi, Adam Fletcher, Annelies Mühlbacher, et al.. Antibodies attenuate the capacity of dendritic cells to stimulate HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Elsevier, 2012, 130 (6), pp.1368--1374.e2. ⟨10.1016/j.jaci.2012.08.025⟩. ⟨pasteur-01420581⟩

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