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Gag-specific CD8 T-cell proliferation is associated with higher peripheral blood levels of TGF-β and gut-homing T cells in youths perinatally infected with HIV-1 – The ANRS- EP38-IMMIP Study

Abstract : Background: Gag-specific T lymphocytes play a key role in the control of HIV replication. Their restoration will be important for future reservoir targeting strategies. Here, we aimed to identify immune correlates of Gag-specific CD8 T-cell proliferation in youths with perinatally acquired HIV-1 infection. Methods: The ANRS-EP38-IMMIP study included youths of 15 to 24 years of age. Fifty-three were taking cART and aviremic at the time of the study and had undergone valid CFSE-based flow cytometry T-cell proliferation assays. Plasma analytes were quantified by ELISA or multiplex assays. Peripheral blood cells were phenotyped by flow cytometry. Logistic regression was used to study the association between Gag-specific T-cell proliferation and immune markers. Results: Patients with Gag-specific CD8 T-cell proliferation had higher levels of plasma TGF-β1, a lower proportion of naive cells among Tregs, and higher percentages of CD4 and CD8 T cells expressing the α4β7 integrin or CD161 molecule than those without a Gag-specific response. These associations were significant based on analyses including potential confounders. Conclusion: Preserved Gag-specific CD8 T-cell proliferation was associated with higher TGF-β1 levels and increased percentages of T cells with a gut-homing phenotype at least 15 years after HIV infection during the perinatal period.
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Josiane Warszawski, Véronique Avettand-Fenoel, Christine Rouzioux, Daniel Scott-Algara, Thomas Montange, et al.. Gag-specific CD8 T-cell proliferation is associated with higher peripheral blood levels of TGF-β and gut-homing T cells in youths perinatally infected with HIV-1 – The ANRS- EP38-IMMIP Study . Open Forum Infectious Diseases, Oxford University Press, 2017, 4 (1), pp.ofw239. ⟨10.1093/ofid/ofw239⟩. ⟨pasteur-01416556v2⟩

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