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Development and evolution of RORγt+ cells in a microbe’s world

Gérard Eberl 1, *
Abstract : The nuclear hormone receptor retinoid-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) induces a pro-inflammatory program in lymphoid cells, culminating in the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-17, IL-22, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and tumor necrosis factor. During ontogeny, the first type of cells expressing RORγt are lymphoid tissue inducer cells, a type of innate lymphoid cell (ILC) generated in mammalian fetuses to induce the development of lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. After birth, RORγt(+) ILCs and RORγt(+) T cells are involved in the defense of epithelial surfaces against extracellular microbes and play an important role in the intestinal homeostasis with symbiotic microbiota. The development and evolution of RORγt(+) cells is intimately associated with the construction of a stable host-microbe interface.
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Gérard Eberl. Development and evolution of RORγt+ cells in a microbe’s world. Immunological Reviews, Wiley, 2012, 245 (1), pp.177 - 188. ⟨10.1111/j.1600-065X.2011.01071.x⟩. ⟨pasteur-01402737⟩

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