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From in vitro to in vivo Models of Bacterial Biofilm-Related Infections

Abstract : The influence of microorganisms growing as sessile communities in a large number of human infections has been extensively studied and recognized for 30-40 years, therefore warranting intense scientific and medical research. Nonetheless, mimicking the biofilm-life style of bacteria and biofilm-related infections has been an arduous task. Models used to study biofilms range from simple in vitro to complex in vivo models of tissues or device-related infections. These different models have progressively contributed to the current knowledge of biofilm physiology within the host context. While far from a complete understanding of the multiple elements controlling the dynamic interactions between the host and biofilms, we are nowadays witnessing the emergence of promising preventive or curative strategies to fight biofilm-related infections. This review undertakes a comprehensive analysis of the literature from a historic perspective commenting on the contribution of the different models and discussing future venues and new approaches that can be merged with more traditional techniques in order to model biofilm-infections and efficiently fight them.
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David Lebeaux, Ashwini Chauhan, Olaya Rendueles, Christophe Beloin. From in vitro to in vivo Models of Bacterial Biofilm-Related Infections. Pathogens, Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2013, Special Issue Pathogen Infection Models, 2 (2), pp.288 - 356. ⟨10.3390/pathogens2020288⟩. ⟨pasteur-01385428⟩

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