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Human T-lymphotropic Virus Type 1-infected Cells Secrete Exosomes That Contain Tax Protein

Abstract : Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. The HTLV-1 transactivator protein Tax controls many critical cellular pathways, including host cell DNA damage response mechanisms, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis. Extracellular vesicles called exosomes play critical roles during pathogenic viral infections as delivery vehicles for host and viral components, including proteins, mRNA, and microRNA. We hypothesized that exosomes derived from HTLV-1-infected cells contain unique host and viral proteins that may contribute to HTLV-1-induced pathogenesis. We found exosomes derived from infected cells to contain Tax protein and proinflammatory mediators as well as viral mRNA transcripts, including Tax, HBZ, and Env. Furthermore, we observed that exosomes released from HTLV-1-infected Tax-expressing cells contributed to enhanced survival of exosome-recipient cells when treated with Fas antibody. This survival was cFLIP-dependent, with Tax showing induction of NF-κB in exosome-recipient cells. Finally, IL-2-dependent CTLL-2 cells that received Tax-containing exosomes were protected from apoptosis through activation of AKT. Similar experiments with primary cultures showed protection and survival of peripheral blood mononuclear cells even in the absence of phytohemagglutinin/IL-2. Surviving cells contained more phosphorylated Rb, consistent with the role of Tax in regulation of the cell cycle. Collectively, these results suggest that exosomes may play an important role in extracellular delivery of functional HTLV-1 proteins and mRNA to recipient cells.
Keywords : HTLV-1 Tax Exosome
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Contributor : Philippe Afonso Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 13, 2016 - 2:39:21 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 24, 2022 - 3:10:05 PM

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E. Jaworski, A. Narayanan, R. van Duyne, S. Shabbeer-Meyering, S. Iordanskiy, et al.. Human T-lymphotropic Virus Type 1-infected Cells Secrete Exosomes That Contain Tax Protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2014, 289 (32), pp.22284-22305. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M114.549659⟩. ⟨pasteur-01380779⟩



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