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Total and pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in shrimp: Fast and reliable quantification by real-time PCR

Abstract : Vibrio parahaemolyticus is found in aquatic environments and is the leading cause of gastroenteritis due to seafood consumption worldwide. We evaluated a quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR) assay with hydrolysis probes, to determine whether this method could be used for the efficient counting of total, tdh and trh-positive V. parahaemolyticus in shrimps. We assessed the specificity of this assay, using 62 strains from 12 non target bacterial species of the Vibrio, Photobacterium, Shewanella and Aeromonas genera. Only V. parahaemolyticus with the appropriate target gene generated a fluorescent signal. We assessed the robustness of this assay, by analyzing spiked shrimps by Q-PCR and traditional culture methods, using most probable number (MPN)-PCR. After a 6 h enrichment period, the assay successfully detected total and pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus in shrimps samples spiked with less than 5 V. parahaemolyticus cells/g of shrimp. The Q-PCR results obtained were compared with those obtained by most probable number (MPN)-PCR format. An excellent correlation between the two methods was observed in all cases (R 2 N 0.9742). The application of this Q-PCR assay to 85 natural shrimp samples also resulted in the successful quantification of V. parahaemolyticus in this matrix, and the counts obtained were correlated with those obtained by (MPN)-PCR (P = 0.2598). Thus, this rapid and sensitive Q-PCR can be used to quantify V. parahaemolyticus in natural shrimp samples. This assay could be proposed, in response to the demands of the European Commission, as a tool for testing for the presence of vibrios in crustaceans, making it possible to legislate in this domain.
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A Robert-Pillot, S Copin, M Gay, P Malle, M L Quilici. Total and pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in shrimp: Fast and reliable quantification by real-time PCR. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Elsevier, 2010, 143 (3), pp.190-7. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2010.08.016⟩. ⟨pasteur-01136374⟩

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