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Severe FOXP3+ and naïve T lymphopenia in a non-IPEX form of autoimmune enteropathy combined with an immunodeficiency.

Abstract : BACKGROUND & AIMS: Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is the best-characterized form of a rare entity called autoimmune enteropathy (AIE). IPEX syndrome is due to mutations in the FOXP3 gene, a transcription factor essential for the development and function of the natural regulatory CD25(+)CD4(+) T cells. We studied a female patient with a polyautoimmune AIE syndrome resembling a mild form of IPEX syndrome but associated with recurrent bacterial infections and mild hypogammaglobulinemia. We hypothesized that this syndrome combined a deficit of FOXP3(+) cells and other lymphocyte populations. METHODS: We analyzed the major lymphocyte subsets and the FOXP3(+) regulatory system in blood samples obtained during the 2-year period that followed the last autoimmune manifestation. RESULTS: The patient had severe na? T lymphopenia and a major deficit of FOXP3(+)CD4(+) T cells, both in circulation and in the highly inflamed intestinal mucosa, but mutations in the FOXP3 locus were excluded. The blood FOXP3(+) pool was devoid of CD25(high) cells, but the few regulatory CD25(+) cells were functional. Intrinsic defects in the expression of CD25, FOXP3, and interleukin 2 were excluded. Upon activation, a small subset of cells, presumably committed to regulatory function, sustained expression of CD25 and FOXP3. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral T lymphopenia of both na? and natural regulatory T cells might be the consequence of defective thymic production or the short life span of exported T cells. This case sheds new light in the etiology of autoimmune manifestations in T-cell immunodeficiencies and in the heterogeneity of AIE.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00360652
Contributor : Marie-Christine Vougny Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 11, 2009 - 4:23:58 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 7, 2022 - 10:10:18 AM

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Julien Zuber, Manuelle Viguier, Fabrice Lemaitre, Valérie Senée, Natacha Patey, et al.. Severe FOXP3+ and naïve T lymphopenia in a non-IPEX form of autoimmune enteropathy combined with an immunodeficiency.. Gastroenterology, WB Saunders, 2007, 132 (5), pp.1694-704. ⟨10.1053/j.gastro.2007.02.034⟩. ⟨pasteur-00360652⟩

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