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Basal ubiquitin-independent internalization of interferon alpha receptor is prevented by Tyk2-mediated masking of a linear endocytic motif.

Abstract : Linear endocytic motifs of signaling receptors as well as their ubiquitination determine the rate of ligand-induced endocytosis that mediates down-regulation of these receptors and restricts the magnitude and duration of their respective signal transduction pathways. We previously hypothesized that, in the absence of its cognate ligand, type I interferon (IFN), the IFNalpha receptor chain 1 (IFNAR1) receptor chain is protected from basal endocytosis by a hypothetical masking complex that prevents the Tyr-based endocytic motif within IFNAR1 from interacting with components of the adaptin protein complex 2 (AP2). Here we identify a member of the Janus kinase (Jak) family, Tyk2, as a component of such a masking complex. In the absence of ligand or of receptor chain ubiquitination, binding of Janus kinase Tyk2 within the proximity of the Tyr-based linear motif of IFNAR1 is required to prevent IFNAR1 internalization and to maintain its cell surface expression. Furthermore, interaction experiments revealed that Tyk2 physically shields this Tyr-based motif from the recognition by the AP50 subunit of AP2. These data delineate a long-sought ligand- and ubiquitin-independent mechanism by which Tyk2 contributes to both the regulation of total IFNAR1 levels as well as the regulation of the cell surface density of this receptor chain.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00332721
Contributor : Bérengère Hugot <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 21, 2008 - 3:23:14 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:09 PM

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K. G. Suresh Kumar, Bentley Varghese, Anamika Banerjee, Darren P. Baker, Stefan N. Constantinescu, et al.. Basal ubiquitin-independent internalization of interferon alpha receptor is prevented by Tyk2-mediated masking of a linear endocytic motif.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2008, 283 (27), pp.18566-72. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M800991200⟩. ⟨pasteur-00332721⟩

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