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Containment of polioviruses after eradication and OPV cessation: characterizing risks to improve management.

Abstract : The goal of the World Health Organization is to stop routine use of oral poliovirus vaccine shortly after interruption of wild poliovirus transmission. A key component of this goal is to minimize the risk of reintroduction by destruction of polioviruses except in an absolute minimum number of facilities that serve essential functions and implement effective containment. Effective containment begins with a complete facility risk assessment. This article focuses on characterizing the risks of exposure to polioviruses from the essential vaccine production, quality control, and international reference and research facilities that remain. We consider the potential exposure pathways that might lead to a poliovirus reintroduction, including para-occupational exposures and releases to the environment, and review the literature to provide available estimates and a qualitative assessment of containment risks. Minimizing the risk of poliovirus transmission from a poliovirus facility to increasingly susceptible communities is a crucial and ongoing effort requiring understanding and actively managing the potential exposure pathways.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 5, 2008 - 3:34:51 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:10 PM

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Walter Dowdle, Harrie van der Avoort, Esther de Gourville, Francis Delpeyroux, Jagadish Desphande, et al.. Containment of polioviruses after eradication and OPV cessation: characterizing risks to improve management.. Risk Analysis, Wiley, 2006, 26 (6), pp.1449-69. ⟨10.1111/j.1539-6924.2006.00844.x⟩. ⟨pasteur-00319092⟩

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