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The contribution of apoptosis-inducing factor, caspase-activated DNase, and inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase to the nuclear phenotype and DNA degradation during apoptosis.

Abstract : We have assessed the contribution of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase (ICAD) to the nuclear morphology and DNA degradation pattern in staurosporine-induced apoptosis. Expression of D117E ICAD, a mutant that is resistant to caspase cleavage at residue 117, prevented low molecular weight (LMW) DNA fragmentation, stage II nuclear morphology, and detection of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase staining. However, high molecular weight (HMW) DNA fragmentation and stage I nuclear morphology remained unaffected. On the other hand, expression of either D224E or wild type ICAD had no effect on DNA fragmentation or nuclear morphology. In addition, both HMW and LMW DNA degradation required functional executor caspases. Interestingly, silencing of endogenous AIF abolished type I nuclear morphology without any effect on HMW or LMW DNA fragmentation. Together, these results demonstrate that AIF is responsible for stage I nuclear morphology and suggest that HMW DNA degradation is a caspase-activated DNase and AIF-independent process.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00193946
Contributor : Marie-Dominique Aytac <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2007 - 11:01:47 AM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:10 PM

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Victor J Yuste, Isabel Sánchez-López, Carme Solé, Rana S Moubarak, José R Bayascas, et al.. The contribution of apoptosis-inducing factor, caspase-activated DNase, and inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase to the nuclear phenotype and DNA degradation during apoptosis.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2005, 280 (42), pp.35670-83. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M504015200⟩. ⟨pasteur-00193946⟩

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