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Transcription-independent triggering of the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis by human papillomavirus 18 E2 protein.

Abstract : Cervical carcinomas are most frequently associated with human papillomaviruses (HPV), whose E6 and E7 oncogenes products induce cellular immortalization. The papillomavirus E2 protein is a transcription factor, which represses the expression of the viral oncogenes, and activates viral DNA replication during the vegetative viral cycle. This protein is specifically inactivated in HPV18-associated carcinoma cells, suggesting that E2 functions prevent carcinogenic progression. Indeed, ectopic expression of E2 in cervical carcinoma cells strongly inhibits cell proliferation. Here we show that above a threshold level of expression, the E2 protein induces apoptosis, independently of other viral functions. The amino-terminal domain is responsible for this apoptotic activity, but surprisingly with no involvement of its transcriptional functions. The death pathway triggered by E2 relies on activation of the initiator caspase 8, specific of the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis. E2 itself is cleaved by caspases during cell death, providing an example of an apoptotic inducer that is itself a target for caspase processing. The autonomous proapoptotic activity of HPV18 E2 described here may counteract the proliferative functions of viral oncogenes, and renders the inactivation of E2 crucial for carcinogenic progression.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00178051
Contributor : Hélène Ribierre <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 10, 2007 - 9:33:34 AM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:06 PM

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Caroline Demeret, Alejandro Garcia-Carranca, Françoise Thierry. Transcription-independent triggering of the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis by human papillomavirus 18 E2 protein.. Oncogene, Nature Publishing Group, 2003, 22 (2), pp.168-75. ⟨10.1038/sj.onc.1206108⟩. ⟨pasteur-00178051⟩

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