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Precise missense and silent point mutations are fixed in the genomes of poliovirus mutants from persistently infected cells.

Abstract : Poliovirus mutants selected in persistently infected human neuroblastoma cells have a modified cell tropism and can establish a secondary persistent infection in nonneural cells, such as HEp-2c cells. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that the genome of a persistent mutant, S11, differed from that of the parental lytic Sabin 1 poliovirus strain by 31 point mutations. Three mutations occurred in the noncoding regions. The other mutations resulted in 12 amino acid substitutions; 1 substitution occurred in a nonstructural protein (3A), while the other 11 substitutions were clustered in the capsid proteins VP2 and VP1. The same missense mutations, as well as many of the silent mutations that we observed in mutant S11, also accumulated in the genome of two other persistent viruses isolated from independent infections. This finding indicates that both missense and silent mutations are selected during the persistent infection of neuroblastoma cells and suggests that the secondary structure of RNA in the coding region may play a role in viral infection.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 31, 2008 - 7:28:22 PM
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  • HAL Id : pasteur-00167719, version 1
  • PUBMED : 8386281
  • PUBMEDCENTRAL : PMC237618

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S. Borzakian, I. Pelletier, V. Calvez, F. Colbere-Garapin. Precise missense and silent point mutations are fixed in the genomes of poliovirus mutants from persistently infected cells.. Journal of Virology, American Society for Microbiology, 1993, 67 (5), pp.2914-7. ⟨pasteur-00167719⟩

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