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Synthesis and recognition by DNA polymerases of a reactive nucleoside, 1-(2-deoxy-β-d-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-imidazole-4-hydrazide

Abstract : We report the synthesis of a new nucleoside, 1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-imidazole-4-hydrazide (dY(NH2)) as a reactive monomer for DNA diversification. The 5'-triphosphate derivative (dY(NH2)TP, 1) was evaluated in vitro as a substrate for several DNA polymerases. Primer extension reactions showed that dYNH2TP was well tolerated by KF (exo(-)) and Vent (exo-) DNA polymerases. One dYNH2MP was incorporated opposite each canonical base with an efficiency depending on the template base (A approximately T > G > C). Significant elongation after YNH2 incorporation was observed independently of the YNH2:N base pair formed. When the nucleobase YNH2 was incorporated into synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides via the phosphoramidite derivative 11, it directed the insertion of natural bases as well as itself. The mutagenicity of dYNH2TP was evaluated by PCR amplification using Vent (exo-) DNA polymerase. The triphosphate dY(NH2)TP was preferentially incorporated as a dATP or dGTP analogue and led to misincorporations at frequencies of approximately 2 x 10(-2) per base per amplification. A high proportion of transversions with a large distribution of all possible mutations was obtained. The reactivity of the nucleobase YNH2 within a template with several aldehydes was demonstrated.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00166197
Contributor : Sylvie Pochet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 1, 2007 - 6:30:09 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:05 PM

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Heike Strobel, Laurence Dugué, Philippe Marlière, Sylvie Pochet. Synthesis and recognition by DNA polymerases of a reactive nucleoside, 1-(2-deoxy-β-d-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-imidazole-4-hydrazide. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 2002, 30 (9), pp.1869-78. ⟨10.1093/nar/30.9.1869⟩. ⟨pasteur-00166197⟩

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