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Control of early events in olfactory processing by adult neurogenesis.

Gilles Gheusi 1 Pierre-Marie Lledo 1, *
* Corresponding author
Abstract : The mature brain needs to have flexible control over behavior in the face of ever-changing needs. It achieves this control through morphological and physiological changes at the level of molecules, spines, dendrites, and axons and through processes of adult neurogenesis, entire cells. The functional maturation of newly generated cells in the adult forebrain involves the expression of neurotransmitter receptors before synaptic activity and excitatory gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAergic) influences prior to glutamatergic input. The production of new cells for incorporation into neural circuits that are already up and running gives rise to a unique situation that may require epigenetic regulation. However, once mature, new neurons must carve out a niche among more established cells to be useful. How do they survive and what are they used for? Recent studies have revealed that adult neurogenesis alters the olfactory bulb at all levels, from single cells to the network and system levels. It has also been suggested that cell turnover may be particularly beneficial for the processing of new information in dynamic networks. However, elucidating the functional meaning of adult neurogenesis must wait for the development of new paradigms to eliminate the pool of newly generated neurons but sparing the preexisting ones. Nevertheless, there is already considerable correlative evidence to indicate that adult neurogenesis is a plastic mechanism by which the performance of the brain can be optimized in a given environment.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 9, 2007 - 5:02:11 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:10 PM

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Gilles Gheusi, Pierre-Marie Lledo. Control of early events in olfactory processing by adult neurogenesis.. Chemical Senses, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2007, 32 (4), pp.397-409. ⟨10.1093/chemse/bjm012⟩. ⟨pasteur-00161069⟩

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