Assessing Zika Virus Transmission within Households during an Outbreak in Martinique, 2015-2016

Abstract : Since 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) has caused large epidemics in the Americas. Households are natural targets for control interventions, but quantifying the contribution of household transmission to overall spread is needed to guide policy. Here, we developed a modelling framework to evaluate this contribution and key epidemic features of the ZIKV epidemic in Martinique in 2015-2016 from the joint analysis of a household transmission study (N=68 households), a study in symptomatic pregnant women (N=281) and seroprevalence surveys in blood donors (N=457). We estimated that the probability of mosquito-mediated within-household transmission (from an infected member to a susceptible one) was 21% (95% Credible Interval (CrI): 5%, 51%) while the overall probability of infection from outside the household (i.e. in the community) was 39% (95% CrI: 27%, 50%). Overall, 50% (95% CrI: 43%, 58%) of the population was infected, with 22% (95% CrI: 5%, 46%) of infections acquired in households and 40% (95% CrI: 23%, 56%) being asymptomatic. The probability of presenting with Zika-like symptoms due to another cause was 16% (95% CrI: 10%, 23%). This study characterizes the contribution of household transmission in ZIKV epidemics and demonstrates the benefits of integrating multiple datasets to gain more insights on epidemic dynamics.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 3, 2019 - 4:01:31 PM
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Anthony Cousien, Sylvie Abel, Alice Monthieux, Alessio Andronico, Isabelle Calmont, et al.. Assessing Zika Virus Transmission within Households during an Outbreak in Martinique, 2015-2016. American Journal of Epidemiology, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019, ⟨10.1093/aje/kwz091⟩. ⟨hal-02137656⟩

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