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Hnf1b haploinsufficiency differentially affects developmental target genes in a new renal cysts and diabetes mouse model

Abstract : Heterozygous mutations in HNF1B cause the complex syndrome Renal Cysts and Diabetes (RCAD), characterized by developmental abnormalities of the kidneys, genital tracts and pancreas, and a variety of renal, pancreas and liver dysfunctions. The pathogenesis underlying this syndrome remains unclear as mice with heterozygous null mutations have no phenotype, while constitutive/conditional Hnf1b-ablation leads to more severe phenotypes.We generated a novel mouse model carrying an identified human mutation at the intron-2 splice donor-site. Unlike heterozygous previously characterized, heterozygous for the splicing mutation exhibited decreased HNF1B protein levels and bilateral renal cysts from embryonic stage E15, originated from glomeruli, early proximal tubules (PT) and intermediate nephron segments, concurrently with a delayed PT differentiation, hydronephrosis and rare genital tract anomalies.Consistently, mRNA-sequencing showed that most down-regulated genes in embryonic kidneys were primarily expressed in early PTs and Henle's Loop and involved in ion/drug transport, organic acid and lipid metabolic processes, while the expression of previously identified targets upon Hnf1b-ablation, including cystic disease genes was weakly or not affected. Postnatal analyses revealed renal abnormalities, ranging from glomerular cysts to hydronephrosis and rarely multicystic dysplasia. Urinary proteomics uncovered a particular profile predictive of progressive decline in kidney function and fibrosis, and displayed common features with a recently reported urine proteome in a RCAD pediatric cohort. Altogether our results show that HNF1B reduced levels lead to developmental disease phenotypes associated with the deregulation of a subset of its targets. They further suggest that this model represents a unique clinical/pathological viable model of the RCAD disease.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 22, 2021 - 11:13:32 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 9:08:50 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, June 23, 2021 - 6:26:59 PM

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Leticia Niborski, Mélanie Paces-Fessy, Pierbruno Ricci, Adeline Bourgeois, Pedro Magalhães, et al.. Hnf1b haploinsufficiency differentially affects developmental target genes in a new renal cysts and diabetes mouse model. Disease Models & Mechanisms, Cambridge Company of Biologists, 2021, pp.dmm.047498. ⟨10.1242/dmm.047498⟩. ⟨hal-03176214⟩

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