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DNA methylation in Ensifer species during free-living growth and during nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with Medicago spp.

Abstract : Methylation of specific DNA sequences is ubiquitous in bacteria and has known roles in immunity and regulation of cellular processes, such as the cell cycle. Using single-molecule real-time sequencing, six genome-wide methylated motifs were identified across four Ensifer strains, five of which were strain-specific. Only the GANTC motif, recognized by the cell cycle-regulated CcrM methyltransferase, was methylated in all strains. In actively dividing cells, methylation of GANTC motifs increased progressively from the ori to ter regions in each replicon, in agreement with a cell cycle-dependent regulation of CcrM. In contrast, there was near full genome-wide GANTC methylation in the early stage of symbiotic differentiation. This was followed by a moderate decrease in the overall extent methylation and a progressive decrease in chromosomal GANTC methylation from the ori to ter regions in later stages of differentiation. We interpret these observations as evidence of dysregulated and constitutive CcrM activity during terminal differentiation, and we hypothesize that it is a driving factor for endoreduplication of terminally differentiated bacteroids.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03374726
Contributor : Peter Mergaert Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 3:13:17 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 23, 2021 - 1:48:04 PM

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2021.03.08.434416v3.full.pdf
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George Dicenzo, Lisa Cangioli, Quentin Nicoud, Janis H.T. Cheng, Matthew Blow, et al.. DNA methylation in Ensifer species during free-living growth and during nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with Medicago spp.. 2021. ⟨hal-03374726⟩

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