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Study of the conformational behaviour of trehalose mycolates by FT-IR spectroscopy

Abstract : Mycolic acids are fundamental cell wall components, found in the outer membrane barrier (mycomembrane) of Mycobacterium related genera, that have shown antigenic, murine innate immunity inducting and inflammatory activity triggering action. The mycolic acid derivatives, such as the lipid extractable trehalose monomycolates (TMM) and dimycolates (TDM), have been extensively investigated by several biochemical and biological methods and, more recently, we have performed the first neutron scattering measurements on these molecules in order to characterize their dynamical behavior as well as their rigidity properties. In the present paper, we show the first systematic FT-IR study on TMM, TDM and glucose monomycolate (GMM). It includes the analysis of individual lipids but also mixtures of TMM/TDM (ratio of 1:1) or TMM/GMM (ratio of 1:2). The present work is aimed to the first characterization of the vibrational behavior of mycolates and their mixtures enabling us to elucidate the molecular mechanisms responsible for the capability of mycolic acids to affect the flexibility and permeability properties of the mycomembrane. As a whole, the present FT-IR findings provide information that have relevant biological implications, allowing to demonstrate that the membrane fluidity is not only linked to the chain length, but also to the specific conformational behavior adopted by mycolates, which in the mixtures is strongly affected by their mutual interactions. In addition, the capability of trehalose to drive the mycolate conformational behavior and then the chain order and packing is emphasized; due to the TDM relevant evidences shown by our data, this trehalose effect could be related to the TDM toxicity and inflammation action.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 2:16:32 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 2, 2021 - 2:26:05 PM

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F. Migliardo, Y. Bourdreux, M. Buchotte, G. Doisneau, J.-M. Beau, et al.. Study of the conformational behaviour of trehalose mycolates by FT-IR spectroscopy. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 2019, pp.104789. ⟨10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2019.104789⟩. ⟨hal-02176961⟩

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